28 Mar

Pre-Listening activity

Student, are you ready to begin?

  • First of all, please read the following sentences and take a look at the photos.

  • Then, try to learn about Recount (social function, generic structure, and language feature).

  • After that download the mp3 for listening.


Do you have a friend? Did you remember what had you done with them? What do you feel if you meet him or her again? Imagine! Those are your photos with them. It is a great experience, isn’t it? Then, I am going to tell you about a past memory through recount. What is recount? Now, learn the following explanation!


Social Function of recount:
• To retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining
Generic (schematic) structure:
• Orientation:provide the setting and introduces participants
• Events: tell what happened
• Re-orientation: optional-closure of events
Language features for recount text :
  • Use of past tense 
  • Focus an a temporal sequence of events
  • Use of material (or action) clauses
(Taken from Making Sense of Functional Grammar, p:194)
Simple Past tense
  • The simple past tense is used to express actions or situation in the past.
  •  The pattern is as follows:
  •            [S + was/were + non-verbal]
  •           [S + past form + O]
Ali was busy.
We were in Jakarta last week
I ate fried rice last night.
Tim played badminton yesterday.
  • Simple past tense sentences often use time signals, such as: yesterday, just now, two days ago, last week, etc.

Whilst-Listening activity

Well, student
I am sure, you have learned the instruction above. Now, listen to the mp3 program bellow!

Post-Listening activity

  • Dear, hopefully it’s clearly heard. You may listen it again and again.
  • After hearing the mp3, please do this exercise, and submit it before Tuesday!
  • Download the exercises:
  • Exercise 1

  • Now, you have an assignment to transcribe the mp3 program.
  • Listen it again and again, and make sure the pronunciation!
  • Next week, there will be a retelling story from the mp3. Please prepare yourselves to come in front of the class retelling the recount with correct pronunciation!
13 Mar

Recount Text (with written and oral example)


The social function of Recount text is to retell past event or something which happened in the past. The purpose of this text can be only to inform or even just to entertain.  Derewianka (1990) identified three types of Recount text, namely Personal Recount, Factual Recount, and Imaginative Recount. Personal Recount exposes an event in which the writer or the author got involved or acted in the event himself. Belong to this type among others are daily funny incidents, entries of a diary, etc. Factual Recount is a note of an event, such as scientific experiment report, police report, newspaper report, history explanation, etc. Imaginative Recount is an unreal event or story, like reading texts for language lesson, a story about a life of a slave, etc. Hardy and Kalrwein (1990) divided two kinds of Recount, namely Personal Recount and Historical Recount.


Recount text usually has three main parts, they are :
1 Orientation : identify a person or thing acted or got involved in the event,  including the time, a certain place, the situation, etc.
2 Series of Events : ordered in a chronological sequence.
3 Re-orientation : not always (optional), it contains personal comments


My Adventure at Leang-Leang Cave


Leang-leang Cave at Maros, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

On Sunday, my parents, my best friend Sam and I visited a cave at Maros called Leang-leang . It was my first time to visit the cave, better yet, my best friend came to visit it with me!

The cave was famous for its primitive cave wall paintings which were some hand prints and wild boar paintings. The cave and its surroundings was turned into a national park, so it was taken care of.

My parents took a rest in a small hut for visitors of the park, while Sam and I adventured around the cave with a guide. We had to climb some metal stairs to get to the cave, because the cave was embedded into a small mountain.

5 hand-prints

Next stop was a place where some seashells littered the ground and some were actually piled into a big mound! The guide said that these piles of seashells are called kjokkenmoddinger, or kitchen trash. The humans who lived here ate the shells and dumped the left overs in their ‘kitchen’.

The last place was a small museum where they have skeletons of the humans who lived in the caves. The skeletons along with some roughly made jewelry and weapons were placed inside glass cases for display. The walls of the museum were adorned with photographs taken when they did an excavation there.

After a quick-lunch with Sam and my parents, we decided it was time to go back home. We really had the time of our lives!

Download the Mp3 here

Hello world!

13 Mar

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